Posts in category: Religion
By Panayiotis Tzamalikos
A serious variation an historical manuscript, which has led to discovery of Cassian the Sabaite, whom Medieval forgery extinguished, through attributing seriously interpolated Latin translations of this Greek unique to a figment referred to as 'John Cassian'. This erudite Sabaite highbrow is Pseudo-Caesarius and the writer of Pseudo Didymus' De Trinitate.
By Mamadou Diouf, Mara A. Leichtman
By Ahmed Fekry Ibrahim
In Pragmatism in Islamic legislation, Ibrahim provides an in depth background of Sunni felony pluralism and the ways that it used to be hired to deal with the altering wishes of society. because the formative interval of Islamic legislation, jurists have debated if it is applicable for a legislation to be chosen in line with its software, instead of weighing conflicting articulations of the legislations to figure out the main most probably expression of the divine will. almost unanimous competition to the utilitarian strategy, often called “pragmatic eclecticism,” emerged between early Islamic jurists. besides the fact that, as a result of a bunch of fixing institutional and socioeconomic modifications, a pattern towards the legitimization of pragmatic eclecticism arose within the 13th century. for this reason, the Mamluk specialists institutionalized this pragmatism whilst Sultan Baybars appointed 4 leader judges representing the 4 Sunni colleges in Cairo in 1265 CE. After a short try to opposite Mamluk pluralism by means of enforcing the Hanafi college within the 16th century, Egypt’s new rulers, the Ottomans, embraced this pluralistic pragmatism. In reading over one thousand circumstances from 3 17th- and eighteenthcentury Egyptian courts, Ibrahim lines the interior common sense of pragmatic eclecticism less than the Ottomans. An array of archival assets records the way within which Egyptian society’s subaltern sessions navigated Sunni felony pluralism as a device to prevent extra austere criminal doctrines. the consequent portrait demanding situations the belief made by way of many smooth historians that the utilitarian ways followed via 19th- and twentieth-century Muslim reformers constituted a transparent rupture with early Islamic criminal historical past. against this, some of the felony suggestions exercised in Egypt’s partial codification of kinfolk legislation within the 20th century have been rooted in premodern Islamic jurisprudence.
By Salim El-Bahnassawi
By Robert Alun Jones
Though it really is now discredited, totemism as soon as captured the mind's eye of Sigmund Freud, Émile Durkheim, James Frazer, and different renowned Victorian thinkers. during this energetic highbrow historical past, Robert Alun Jones considers the development of a thought and the divergent methods spiritual students, anthropologists, psychoanalysts, and cultural theorists drew on totemism to discover and outline primitive and smooth societies' non secular, cultural, and sexual norms. Combining leading edge readings of person students' paintings and a wealthy portrait of Victorian highbrow existence, Jones brilliantly lines the increase and fall of a robust idea.
First used to explain the idea structures of local American tribes, totemism finally encompassed a variety of features. Its beneficial properties incorporated trust in a dad or mum spirit that assumed the shape of an a selected animal; a prohibition opposed to marrying outdoors the extended family mixed with a strong incest taboo; a sacrament during which contributors of the totemic extended family slaughtered a consultant of the totemic species; and the tracing of descent throughout the woman instead of the male. those attributes struck a chord with the past due Victorian mentality and its obsession with irrelevant sexual kinfolk, evolutionary thought, and gender roles. Totemism represented a collection of ideals that, although completely primitive and at an excellent evolutionary distance, reassured Victorians in their personal extra civilized values and practices.
Totemism's allure to Victorian thinkers displays the ways that the social sciences build their gadgets of analysis instead of researching them. In discussing works resembling Freud's Totem and Taboo or Frazer's The Golden Bough, Jones considers how theorists used the vocabulary of totemism to fit their highbrow pursuits and ambitions. finally, anthropologists akin to A. A. Goldenweiser, Franz Boas, and Claude Lévi-Strauss argued that totemism used to be extra a mirrored image of the troubles of Victorian theorists than of the particular practices and ideology of "primitive" societies, and by way of the past due 20th century totemism appeared to have disappeared altogether.
By Publications du Musée Guimet
By Arthur Bell
By Gerhard Czermak
Das Religions(verfassungs)recht hat angesichts der veränderten religionspolitischen Lage Konjunktur. Das Buch gibt eine kompakte Einführung in die theoretisch und praktisch wichtigsten Bereiche des Religionsrechts und greift vernachlässigte Fragen (etwa im Schulwesen oder bei der Kirchensteuer) auf. Es will überzeugen durch klare rechtliche Grundbegriffe und eine Abkehr von einer einseitig kirchenzentrierten Sichtweise. Normtexte und Rechtsprechungsübersichten runden das leserfreundliche, auch für Nichtjuristen interessante Buch ab.
By Joseph Dey
By Dipl.-Soz. Robert Kecskes, Dipl.-Soz. Christof Wolf (auth.)